Marine Busson, international delegate for Peru at Les Jeunes IHEDN
My favourite quote :
« No matter what anybody tells you, words and ideas can change the world. » (Peter Weir & Tom Schulman , Dead poets’ society, 1989)
Presentation of the delegation:
We all know Peru thanks to its geographic wonders and its history. However, people often forget that Peru is also a developing country: with an economic growth rate estimated at 4% in 2020, it should quickly become a great country on the Latin-American scene. Its President, Martin Vizcarra, brought a relative political stability since he arrived at the head of the government in March, 2018. Indeed, one of his spearhead is to struggle against corruption, in order to restrain the popular wave of mistrust in the political corps. Since 2012, Peru oscillates between the first and second ranks in terms of worldwide coca leaves production. This country is also the second biggest cocaine producer in the world.
Despite a low and decreasing defence budget (1, 9% of the GDP while it’s rather about 2, 5% in France), the Peruvian Armies play a totally different role compared to the European ones: not only they assist the government, but they also are a real support for the population. Indeed, the military corps is the first to be called when a natural disaster occurs; in Peru, they unfortunately are frequent due to the climate (floods, earthquakes, etc.). More generally, they benefit from an official role of support and help to the populations. The Peruvian Navy, Army and Air Force are also highly visible when it’s about drug trafficking and the eradication of” Shining Path” persistent groups (a terrorist organization with a Marxist-Leninist ideology which cracked down between the 1990s and the 2000s). For the rest, the Peruvian Armies have a more classical job such as defeding the territory and national sovereignty.
One of Peru’s greatest strength is its regional involvement: it is part of the OEA, the UNASUR and the Andean Community of Nations (CAN). Peru is also one of the few Latin-American countries involved in the UN peace operations (MINUSCA). The military cooperation with France also includes military training (ESM Saint-Cyr, Ecole de Guerre). Several times, the latter has been an interesting economic partner in terms of armament purchasing (Mirages 2000 contract in the 1980s). In order to strengthen this diplomatic and military cooperation, the Defence Mission of the French Embassy in Peru reopened in 2014 after 10 years of inactivity.
Our delegation was created in February 2020. May projects are on the agenda, such as : meeting diplomats and soldiers, participating in debates or conferences about security, sovereignty and defence.
What the association means to me :
A dynamic, friendly and enthusiastic group of young people who are committed to spreading French values. They are passionate about defence and security, while being ready to share their untethered taste for these topics.